یکشنبه 25 تیرماه سال 1391 ساعت 11:04 ب.ظ
مطلب زیر پروژه ی ترم خانم هاله هوشمند است.
Delta blues is one of the earliest styles of blues music. It originated in the Mississippi Delta, a region of the United States that stretches from Memphis,
in the north to Vicksburg,
in the south, Helena,
in the west to the Yazoo
the east. The Mississippi Delta area is famous both for its fertile soil and
its poverty. Guitar, harmonica and cigar box guitar are the dominant
instruments used, with slide guitar (usually on the steel guitar) being a hallmark of the
style. The vocal styles range from introspective and soulful to passionate and
fiery. Delta blues is also regarded as a regional variation of country blues.
Delta blues certainly existed in some form or another at the turn of the 20th
century, it was first recorded in the late 1920s, when record companies
realized the potential African American market in Race records.
The earliest recordings were by the 'major' labels and consist mostly of one
person singing and playing an instrument, though the use of a band was more
common during live performances. Freddie Spruell is reckoned to be the first Delta blues
artist to record, as he waxed "Milk Cow Blues" in Chicago in June
Some of these early recordings were made on 'field trips' to the South by
record company talent scouts, but some Delta blues performers were invited to
travel to northern cities to record. According to Dixon & Godrich , Tommy Johnson and Ishman Bracey were recorded by Victor on that company's second
field trip to Memphis, in 1928. Robert Wilkins was first recorded by Victor in Memphis in
1928, and Big Joe Williams and Garfield Akers also in Memphis (1929) by Brunswick/Vocalion.
Son House first recorded in Grafton,
Wisconsin (1930) for Paramount.
Charley Patton also recorded for
Paramount in Grafton, in June 1929 (and again, at the same location in May
1930). In January and February 1934 Patton visited New York City for further
recording sessions. Robert Johnson traveled to San Antonio
(1936) and Dallas (1937) for his ARC, and only, sessions.
the early Delta blues (as well as other genres) were extensively recorded by John Lomax
and his son Alan Lomax, who criss-crossed the
Southern US recording music played and sung by ordinary people helping
establish the canon of genres we know today as American folk music. Their recordings number
in the thousands, and now reside in the Smithsonian
According to Dixon & Godrich (1981) and Leadbitter and Slaven (1968), Alan
Lomax and the Library of Congress researchers did not record any Delta bluesmen
(or women) prior to 1941, when he recorded Son House and Willie Brown near Lake Cormorant,
Mississippi, and Muddy Waters at Stovall, Mississippi;
however, this claim is disputed as John and Alan Lomax did record Bukka White
in 1939, Lead Belly in 1933 and most likely
in general disagree as to whether there is a substantial, musicological
difference between blues that originated in this region and in other parts of
the country. The defining characteristic of Delta blues is instrumentation and
an emphasis on rhythm and "bottleneck"
slide; the basic harmonic
structure is not substantially different from that of blues performed
elsewhere. "Delta blues" is also a style as much as a geographical
appellation: Skip James and Elmore James,
who were not born in the Delta, were considered Delta blues musicians.
Performers travelled throughout the Mississippi Delta, Arkansas, Louisiana,
Texas, and Tennessee. Eventually, Delta blues spread out across the country,
giving rise to a host of regional variations, including Chicago
and Detroit blues
at Parchman Farm was an important influence
on several blues musicians who were imprisoned there, and was referenced in
songs such as Bukka White's 'Parchman Farm Blues'
and the folk song 'Midnight Special'. Delta Bluesmen also
typically sang songs in the first person about sexuality, the travelling
lifestyle and the tribulations resulting from leading this lifestyle
Delta Blues artists moved to Detroit and Chicago such as Big Joe Williams creating a pop influenced city blues style,
however, this was displaced by the new Chicago blues sound in the early 1950s pioneered by Delta
Bluesmen, Muddy Waters, Howlin' Wolf
and Little Walter, harking back to a more
delta influenced, yet electrified sound. This Delta style blues folk music also
inspired the creation of British Skiffle music, from which
eventually came the persons and bands of the British Invasion, while
simultaneously influencing British Blues which led to the birth of early hard rock
and heavy metal.
یکشنبه 25 تیرماه سال 1391 ساعت 01:51 ب.ظ
امروز روز تولد استاد صنم پاشاست. و این شعر کوتاه رو از طرف همهی هنرجوها بهشون تقدیم میکنم و امیدوارم همیشه همگی، افتخار بودن در کنارشون رو داشته باشیم.
امروز خورشید درخشانتر است
و آسمان آبیتر
نسیم زندگی را به پرواز میکشد
و پرنده آواز جدید میسراید
امروز بهاری دیگر است
در روز تولد مهربانترین
در میلاد کسی که خالصانه دوستش دارم
امروز را شادتر خواهم بود
و دلم را به میهمانی آسمان خواهم برد
جشنی برای میلادت بر پا خواهم کرد
تمامی گلها و سبزهها در میهمانی ما خواهند سرود
روزهای زندگی هر روز گوارا باد
پنجشنبه 22 تیرماه سال 1391 ساعت 05:02 ب.ظ
مطلب زیر توسط آقای نیما زالی جمع آوری شده است.
What is Head Voice?
Head voice is talked about as the falsetto register by some people in singing
circles. There are certain resonance areas in your body when you sing and your
head is one of them in addition to nasal cavities, diaphragm, etc. It’s almost as
if you are singing from your diaphragm and you and push out the sound more
through your upper mouth or almost into your nasal cavity a little. This could
be called accessing your head voice. It will help produce your original sound
and make things exciting. You can variate from head voice to chest voice
:Accessing Your Head Voice
Now when you’re trying to access your head voice, that doesn’t mean you should
be raising your larynx. If you raise your larynx, you’re using wrong
technique and you will really feel the difference. Look in the mirror and
if your larynx is being raised as you try to access your head voice, it will
start hurting your throat and things will get sore. This is a very common
occurrence when singers are using wrong technique. It happens all the
time even by people who have been singing for a long time. So first
things first. Try to master keeping your larynx, or your throat, still
and don’t let it rise or lower while trying to access your head voice or while
doing any other kind of singing.
You also what to keep your throat open as possible while trying to develop the
so-called head voice and finding resonance up there. Singers sometimes
have a tendency to close up the throat as they sing higher notes. This is
incorrect; you should always keep the throat open as possible even when singing
high notes. This is really the soft palate that you’re opening up in the
back of your throat to allow more air out while singing. It’s much much
easier to hit high notes or low notes while your throat is open and you can
also use the resonance in your head to use your own head voice sound.
What is chest voice?
Although there are many technical definitions of what chest
voice actually is, it is most widely known and understood as our normal speaking
and/or singing voice. For our purposes, chest voice is the range in which we
feel completely comfortable singing and speaking. It is marked by the majority
of the resonance being located in the chest. There are more specific
definitions than these, but the general outcomes are still the same.
I find that chest voice receives much less attention than it actually deserves.
In fact, chest voice should deserves just as much attention as any other area
of our voice. Why? Simply because we most often sing in our chest voice.
Therefore I find it quite necessary that we engage and train our chest voice
just as much as (if not more than) our head voice and mixed voice.
Somehow we get this faulty idea that since we speak and sing in our chest voice
all the time, we are in no need of training it. Wrong! Your chest voice may be
stronger than your head voice or mixed voice, but that does not necessarily
mean it has been properly trained. And here’s why.
Even though we speak and sing in chest voice often, we never truly train our
vocal cords to function in the proper manner. Since our vocal cords are not
trained in the proper manner, they do not give the proper control over chest
voice. It now makes sense why people could sing in chest voice for years and
still be incredibly pitchy and inconsistent. They are relying on everything
except proper vocal cord function. Even though their chest is strong, it still
So how do we train our chest voice?
1) We must first get to the root of the issue. An inconsistent chest voice is
only a symptom of the real problem: improper function of the vocal cords. Vocal
cord closure is an absolute necessity for properly functioning vocal cords.
Getting the vocal cords to come together correctly is the first step in creating
a smooth, rich and controlled chest voice. The proper amount of vocal cord
closure implies proper breath support as well. Breath support is also key for
developing your chest voice. Breath support is not the focus but rather a
supplementary element of vocal cord closure. When you fill your diaphragm with
the proper amount of air and control it correctly with cord closure, you have
the ability to produce that rich and controlled sound.
Here is what I would do in order to start training your chest voice.
I would practice the exercises “mum” and “buh” on octave scales, repeating the
“mum” or “buh” 4 times at the top and holding out that note. If I were to write
it out, it be like this:
mum-mum-mum-mum mum mum muuuuuuuuuuuuum-mum-mum-mum
buh-buh-buh-buh buh buh buuuuuuuuuuuuuuuh-buh-buh-buh
As you ascend up the scale, focus on controlling the notes as you sing them.
You can also work on developing your chest voice by humming a particular note
in your chest voice and holding it out for 10 seconds. Go to the next note
higher, hum it and hold it out for 10 seconds. Focus on controlling the sound
you are making. As you begin to gain control, increase the amount of time you
spend holding out the note. This will help regulate your breath and develop
your chest voice.
So what are the benefits of having a solid chest voice? Here are 2 tangible
1) excellent control over your vocals
2) a launching pad for adding energy into your mix
Like I said earlier, vocal cord closure is quite important to developing that
rich sound in your chest voice
دوشنبه 19 تیرماه سال 1391 ساعت 11:29 ب.ظ
مطلب زیر توسط خانم ترانه از شاگردان استاد جمع آوری شده و در مورد تنقس دیافراگمی است.
Diaphragmatic breathing, abdominal
breathing, belly breathing or deep
breathing that is done by contracting the diaphragm, a muscle located
horizontally between the chest cavity and stomach cavity. Air enters the lungs
and the belly expands during this type of breathing.
This deep breathing is marked by expansion of the abdomen rather than the chest when breathing. It is considered by some to be
a healthier and fuller way to ingest oxygenHYPERLINK
"cite_note-breatheproperly-0", and is sometimes used as a therapy for hyperventilation, anxiety
disorders and stuttering.
“Deep breathing involves slow and deep
inhalation through the nose, usually to a count of 10, followed by slow and
complete exhalation for a similar count. The process may be repeated 5 to 10
times, several times a day."
To breathe diaphragmatically, or with the
diaphragm, one must draw air into the lungs in a way which will expand the
stomach and not the chest. It is best to perform these breaths as long, slow
intakes of air – allowing the body to absorb all of the inhaled oxygen while
simultaneously relaxing the breather.
To do this comfortably, it is often best to loosen tight-fitting
pants/belts/skirts (nude also works well), as these can interfere with the
body's ability to intake air. While at first one may not feel comfortable
expanding the stomach during breathing, diaphragmatic breathing actually fills
up the majority of the lungs with oxygen – much more than chest-breathing or shallow
breathing exercise is as follows:
1. Sit or lie comfortably, with
2. Put one hand on your chest and one on your
3. Slowly inhale through your nose or through
pursed lips (to slow down the intake of breath).
4. As you inhale, push your belly/ stomach out
and feel your stomach expand with your hand.
How it happens
The term 'diaphragmatic' is sometimes misinterpreted to imply that the thoracic
diaphragm is not
used in shallow breathing. This is a misunderstanding as the diaphragm is used
in either case. In belly breathing, the lower ribs are stabilized and the
central tendon of the diaphragm is mobilized so that a contraction of the
diaphragm pulls the tendon down. In rib cage breathing, the central tendon is
stabilized and the lower ribs are mobilized so that a contraction lifts the
Due to the lung expansion being lower (inferior) on the body as opposed
to higher up (superior), it is referred to as 'deep' and the higher lung
expansion of rib cage breathing is referred to as 'shallow'. The actual volume
of air taken into the lungs with either means varies. Attaining maximal lung
expansion may require both diaphragmatic contraction as well as rib cage
expansion, as the amount of room created by the abdominal depression or rib
stretching may not create an adequate enough vacuum space on their own.
Many people tend to
think of diaphragmatic breathing as something unique to singing; as a special
skill that must be taught to them, rather than the body’s natural way of
working. However, the fact of the matter is that we are born knowing how to
breathe properly, and no one has to teach us how to do it when we come out of
the womb. The tummies of sleeping babies rise and fall effortlessly, without
any tension or movement in their chests and shoulders. The parts of their
bodies that support their breathing work in effortless coordination and
synchronicity. Even the breathing of adults is correct when they are relaxed or
asleep and not actively trying to control it. The body naturally knows what to
do and how to do it, even when our need for oxygen is greater due to increased
physical activity or in response to boosts of adrenaline (as when we are
The fact that
diaphragmatic breathing is both natural and ideal is why so much emphasis is
placed on 'breathing from the diaphragm' while singing. Breathing in this
natural way enables us to regulate our airflow, and is correct whether we are
singing, exercising, speaking or watching television. 'Diaphragmatic breathing'
is not just a trick or a specialized skill that singers must learn. It is a
product of the natural functioning of the human body. In other words, it is how
our bodies have been designed to take in and expel air. In breathing for
singing, the mechanism of breathing is not an aberration from that of the
breathing technique used by the body during other activities
سهشنبه 23 خردادماه سال 1391 ساعت 09:58 ب.ظ
این مطلب توسط آقای ناصر بابایی از شاگردان استاد پاشا جمع آوری شده است
پریست (به انگلیسی: Judas
Priest) گروه نامدار و تاثیرگذار هوی متال انگلیسی است که در سال ۱۹۶۹ در بیرمنگام
بنیان گذاشته شد.گروه در سالهای فعالیتاش تغییرات متعدد در ترکیب نفرات را تجربه
کردهاست. اعضای کنونی گروه ایان هیل(گیتار
باس)، راب هالفورد(آواز)،
داونینگ(گیتار) و اسکات ترویس
(درامز) هستند. موسیقی جوداس پریست، بارها و بارها الهام بخش گروههای دیگر هوی متال شدهاست . شهرت و محبوبیت آنها باعث شد تا به آنان لقب خدایان متال داده شود. آنها توانستهاند رقم
فروش جهانی ۳۵
میلیون آلبوم را در کارنامه خود ثبت کنند. جوداس پریست افتخار این را دارد که بر
خلاف گروههای متقدم و اولیه هوی متال با هر آلبوم، موسیقی متال را دچار تحول و
دگرگونی کرده تا جایی که این گروه در هر دهه از فعالیت خود به عنوان یک گروه پیشرو
و بسیار تاثیرگذار بر سبکها و گروههای متال مورد توجه بودهاست. جوداس پریست در
تمام نظر سنجیها همواره یکی از سه گروه برتر و راب هالفورد خواننده گروه، به
عنوان یکی از برترین خوانندگان تاریخ موسیقی متال مطرح بودهاند.
معرفی اعضای شناخته شده گروه در جهان:
راب جان آرتور هالفورد
اصلیت :انگلستان(والسال ، بیرمنگام)
مدت فعالیت: از سال 1973 تا کنون
هالفورد (به انگلیسی: Rob
Halford) (زادهٔ ۲۵ اوت ۱۹۵۱) خواننده و آهنگساز انگلیسی
او با پهنه صدای چهار اکتاوی، جیغهای خارق العاده و شیوه خواندن
منحصر به فردش برترین خواننده هوی متال و از اسطورههای موسیقی راک و متال بهشمار
میرود. به راب هالفورد لقب خداوند متال دادهاند. وی که بیشتر
به عنوان یکی از اعضای جوداس پریست شناخته میشود،
خواننده گروههای فایت، تو و هالفورد
گلن ریموند تیپتن
سال تولد: 205 اکتبر 1947
ساز ها: نوازنده گیتار الکترونیک ؛باس؛پیانو
مدت فعالیت: 1968 تاکنون
گلن تیپتن (به انگلیسی: Glenn Tipton) یکی از
دو گیتاریست گروه هوی متال انگلیسی جوداس پریست
است. او قبل از آنکه در سال ۱۹۷۴ به جوداس بپیوندد
در گروهی به نام دِ فلاینگ هَت بَند عضویت
داشت. در سال ۱۹۹۷ تیپتن اولین آلبوم شخصیاش بهنام
غسل تعمید آتش را با همکاری
هنرمندانی چون بیلی شیهان،
جانی اِنتویستل، کوزی پاول،
و جان ایری منتشر کرد.
تولد 20 ژانویه 1951
ایان هیل (به انگلیسی: Ian Hill) از اعضای
بنیانگذار و نوازندهٔ گیتار بیس
گروه هوی متال انگلیسی جوداس پریست
هیل نواختن کنترباس
را در سنین کودکی و نزد پدرش آغاز کرد. پدرش که بهعنوان نوازنده با گروههای جَز
محلی همکاری میکرد، زمانی که هیل ۱۵ ساله بود
درگذشت.ایان هیل در سال ۱۹۷۰ به همراه یکی از
دوستاناش به نام کی. کی. داونینگ جوداس
پریست را بنیان گذاردند که هر دویشان تا به امروز در آن عضو هستند. به زودی و با
پیوستن جان اِلیس(گیتاریست)، اَل اتکینز(خواننده) و آلن مور(درامر) گروه ترکیب
مناسبی یافت و آنها اولین کنسرتشان را در سال ۱۹۷۱ برگزار کردند.هیل
بهخاطر شیوهٔ نوازندگی قوی و ملودیکاش با گیتار باس شناخته شدهاست. او در سالهای
ابتدای فعالیتاش با انگشت باس میزد ولی بعدها به نواختن با پیک
روی آورد. معرفی راب هالفورد
به جوداس پریست هم از طریق هیل انجام شد. او از طریق خواهرش-که با راب هالفورد
روابط عاشقانه داشت- هالفورد را ملاقات کرد و به او پیشنهاد داد تا به عنوان
خوانندهٔ جدید گروهشان به آنها بپیوندد. هالفورد هم با ترک گروه هیروشیما
که آنموقع در آن عضو بود به عنوان جایگزین اَل اتکینز به جوداس پیوست.